Warm Neptune forms watery structures, indicating exoplanet formation

Warm Neptune forms watery structures, indicating exoplanet formation

warm Neptune

The distant planet warm Neptune is observed to form a distant exoplanet which is situated 437 light years away from the planet and is capable of shredding lights to the stars in different ways.

Often called as HAP-P-26b or warm Neptune by the astronomers is observed to contain a primitive environment with remains of hydrogen molecules and helium molecules. According to the astronomers, the climate of Warm Neptune is not vapour or cloudy type but more like a water type. NASA’s Hubble Telescope along with Spitzer space telescope found out this information.

Earlier before hot Jupiter and warm Neptune was discovered, astronomers thought that giant planets like Jupiter, Neptune, Mercury etc can only form beyond the extreme crossing of frost line. Frost line is the line beyond which gases like methane, carbon dioxide, and water gets frozen. According to the experts, when it’s beyond the frost line, these planets have more hard and icy materials to grow and exist and thus the building of planet beyond this point is quite easier.

This problem can be centered around two different circumstances. The first is migration and the second is situ formation. During migration the giant gas bars reacts with any passing star, any other planet and disk and thus tries to move forward. And during situ formation, the material present close to the star now orbits around.

However, credits goes to warm Neptune. The HAT-P-26b which is an exoplanet of Neptune passes in front of the existing stars in every 4 years. It is situated 437 light years away from Naptune. Hannah Wakeford (NASA Goddard) and associates utilized the Hubble Space Telescope to take that range amid four of the planet’s travels. They likewise utilized documented Spitzer perceptions taken amid two extra travels. Through and through, they reproduced a range spreading over wavelengths in the vicinity of 0.5 and 5 microns which is a perfect range with regards to searching for water.

What hubble Telescope found about warm Neptune:

During their observation through Hubble Telescope, they actually found what they were looking for. They successfully observed some light clouds which prevails over the planet. However these clouds are more like watery substance with elements like hydrogena nd helium in it. Due to the presence of water, warm Neptune is known to weight around 5 times than that of the heavy elemts of Sun. This means that the warm Neptune has almost same measurements as that of Jupiter but definitely not equal to that of Naptune which is 100 times heavier than Sun.

A theroy of says that planets which are massive contains less heavy elements and planets with less massiveness contains more heavy material. But after observing warm Neptune, which is a massive planet and contains heavy elements as comparable to the Sun, either the theory or the measurements must be reconsidered.

Hence, we are at this note that HAT-P-26p Neptune contain hydrogen and helium particles which remains undisturned behind the surface due tot he presence of heavier elements. Also the experts are of the opinion that this planet was formed very lately.